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1) By Konta —Age related macular degeneration (ARMD) is a loss of central vision, it is the leading cause of vision loss in individuals over 50 years of age and affects more than 10 million individuals. There are two different types of ARMD, wet and dry, the wet is the more serious type and is responsible for more that 90% of ARMD cases.
The macula is responsible for focusing central eye vision. The macula is located within the retina and is responsible for doing every day tasks like reading, walking in dimly lit room, recognizing loved ones and even driving. In early stages of macular degeneration there is hardly no symptoms, but as time passes blotches of vision are deleted from the field of vision. Progression of ARMD may be subtle or go faster than normal. Even in middle stages of ARMD an individual may not notice changes or just start to notice some small changes. By late stage, blotches of center vision may be missing and becomes noticeable.
Risk factors for ARMD are age, race and genetics, Caucasians are more prone to ARMD, with African Americans and Hispanics least affected. “To slow the progression of ARMD, researchers have suggested modifying lifestyle risks such as quitting smoking, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol and regular exercise, and eating a diet rich in green leafy vegetables”. NIH (2015)
NIH (2015). Facts about age related macular degeneration. Retrieved from: