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Please write a paragraph responding to the discussion bellow. Add citations and references in alphabetical order.


Out of the three types of qualitative research theories. It is used as an international, interdisciplinary journal that publishes on the methodological diversity and multidisciplinary focus of qualitative research (Reeves, 2008). The phenomenology theory is the qualitative research method that is used to describe how human beings experience a certain phenomenon. According to Giorgi, (2012), the roots of phenomenology theory root in a 20th century philosophical movement based on the work of the philosopher Edmund Husserl. It concentrates on leaving all biases and preconceived assumptions about human experiences, feelings and responses to a particular situation out of the research. It covers a wide variety of situations and phenomena. Main characters of phenomenology research focuses on the four aspects of lived experience: lived spaced, lived body, lived time, and lived human relations. The researcher generalizes the research by studying the perspectives of multiple participants that have experienced the phenomenon and makes a general un-bias conclusion from the collected data.

A second theory of qualitative research is the ethnographic approach. It comes mostly from the field of anthropology. The emphasis is to study an entire culture by gathering observations, interviews and documentary data to collect different social phenomena and make an un-bias conclusion from the collected data. The researcher immerses themselves in the lives, culture, or situation they are studying. According to (Kuper et al, 2010), ethnographic methods were also found to provide a useful perspective to study organizational context and culture. It accepts contributions from within sociology, social anthropology, health and nursing, education, human geography, social and discursive psychology and discourse studies (Kuper et al, 2010). An important part of the ethnographic approach provides ethnographers an opportunity to gather empirical insights into social practices, which are normally hidden, from the publics eye.

Giorgi, A. (2012). The descriptive phenomenological psychological method. Journal of Phenomenological psychology, 43(1), 3-12.

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