Topic 3 DQ 2
Please write a paragraph with your opinion based on the text bellow. Please include citations and references in case you need to used for the question:
There are a variety of environmental factors that are strongly correlated to increased rates of teen pregnancy. There is a strong correlation between teen pregnancy and the neighborhood in which the teens live. Teens who live in neighborhoods with high levels of poverty, low levels of education and high residential turnover are at higher risk for teen pregnancy (Bishop, 2007). Family is also a strong indicator of the possibility of teen pregnancy. Typically, teens that come from poor, less educated, single-parent families are at a greater risk for pregnancy (Bishop, 2007). Teens whose mother or sister gave birth as a teen are also more likely to become pregnant during their teenage years. Females whose families provide less support and supervision are more likely to become pregnant as teenagers. Several individual risk factors may affect whether a teen becomes pregnant. Apparent risk factors include poor performance in school, aggressive behavior, engaging in other risky behavior (including using drugs and alcohol), dating at a young age, dating older partners, and not being well-liked by peers (Bishop, 2007). Teens who experience puberty at an early age, males with high levels of testosterone and adolescents who have experienced sexual abuse or pressure are also at greater risk of early childbearing. Females who have permissive attitudes toward premarital sex, have negative attitudes toward using contraceptives, and either want to have a child or are ambivalent about having a child during adolescence are more likely to become pregnant as teenagers. An adolescent female may be ambivalent about becoming pregnant if she has a low expectation for her future, feels unable to control her life or
One resource that is available in my state of WI is called The Wisconsin Second Chance Home Project. This program addresses numerous prejudices and ensures that all homeless pregnant and parenting youth in WI will have a safe alternative to the street. This project also addresses the need of these young people and their children for a safe living environment by creating a system of second chance homes (Wisconsin Association for Homeless and Runaway Services, 2010). Another national resource that is available is Planned Parenthood. Planned Parenthood “delivers vital reproductive health care, sex education, and information to millions of women, men, and young people worldwide” (Planned Parenthood, 2012).
According to the Wisconsin Department of Health Services (2012), Wisconsin had 6,849 births to teen parents, ages 15-19 in 2001 and 5,147 births in 2010. In my small hometown in Washington County, we had 76 teen births in 2001, and 48 teen births in 2010 (Wisconsin Department of Health Services, 2012). I think this decrease rate is due to the increase in sex education classes in schools and the community as well as the increase use of contraceptive use in teens.
Bishop, D. (2007). Teenage pregnancy: An adolescent health issue in Australia. Nuritinga, (8), 1-9. Retrieved from http://library.gcu.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rzh&AN=2009934760&site=ehost-live&scope=site
Planned Parenthood. 2012. Who we are. Retrieved from http://www.plannedparenthood.org/about-us/who-we-are-4648.htm
Wisconsin Association for Homeless and Runaway Services. 2010. Second chance homes. Retrieved from http://www.wahrs.org/secondChanceHomes.html
Wisconsin Department of Health Services. 2012. Births to teens in Wisconsin. Retrieved from http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/publications/P4/P4536…