Different Types of Research Methodologies


We must choose a research methodology before arranging a research endeavor or creating research questions. There are different classifications for various types of research methodologies. You must select an appropriate approach to determine the nature of your study based on your field and topic.

There are two types of research: scientific and non-scientific. Each class has distinct characteristics and functions. This blog delves deeply into the numerous types of research methodology.

Definition of research methodology

A research technique is a strategy for a specific investigation type. It details the methods or techniques used to locate and examine data relevant to a research issue. It is also how a researcher plans a study to obtain trustworthy and reliable data while achieving research goals.

Research methods definition

The tools used to conduct research are known as research methodologies. The strategies, processes, and techniques used to collect data or evidence for analysis to achieve new knowledge or a better understanding are referred to as research methodologies.

Factors to consider when choosing the different types of research methodologies

Consider the following factors while selecting a research methodology:

  1. The research objective

Think about the goal of the research endeavor. Researchers can better select a technique and research strategy when they know the data they will require to achieve their objectives.

  1. Significance of statistics

Another factor to consider is whether you require succinct, data-driven study results and statistical responses. Consider whether the study questions need awareness of reasons, viewpoints, attitudes, and motivations.

  1. Nature of the research

If the study’s goals and objectives are exploratory, we will almost certainly require to discuss qualitative data-gathering approaches. If the research’s goals and objectives are to measure or test something, quantitative data collection methods will be required.

  1. Sample size

How much of a sample must be used to address the research questions and achieve the objectives adequately? It would help if you did in-person interviews for smaller pieces or used online surveys for bigger ones, depending on your sample size.

  1. Time available

Consider tactics such as random or convenience sampling and devices that allow for data gathering in a matter of days if time is of the essence. In-person interviews and observations are possible if more time is available for data collection.


Types of research methodologies

Any research uses a variety of research procedures, such as data collection, design of the research structure, data analysis, and so forth. The phrase describes the systematic process of conducting research.

Finding answers is the main objective of the study conducted utilizing research methods. Different research methodologies are employed in various fields of study. They include the following:

  1. Qualitative research methodology

Regardless of the facts, the qualitative research methodology is descriptive and subjective. This discipline emphasizes observation and description. This methodology tries to investigate people’s knowledge, attitudes, actions, and perspectives on the subject of the study.

Grounded research, case studies, action research, disclosure analysis, and ethnography are among the methods used. The qualitative research methodology is based on the quality of the phenomena. Data intensity, amount, and frequency are unimportant in qualitative techniques. It highlights untrustworthy data evaluation or measurement.

The sample size is unimportant in qualitative research. It understands emotions, points of view, and impressions. The effective qualitative method is targeted, adjustable, and produces quick results. However, qualitative techniques are prone to misunderstanding and misapplication.

  1. Quantitative research methodology

This research method looks at how important the study idea is. This is a systematic way to do research that is based on numbers. Quantitative research methods include lab tests, econometric and mathematical calculations, surveys, simulations, and other scenarios.

The measurement, amount, or amount of quantitative research methods is the most important thing. Quantitative research techniques are based on the analysis and size of data, as well as the interaction between variables. It involves a quantitative study that measures how people think, act, and do. This plan makes it easier to understand the data.

It can use methods on a bigger scale. You can quickly make graphs or charts from the data you’ve collected for use in quantitative research methods. Because of this, it will be hard for an interpreter to change it. This method can be used to evaluate the data in question numerically.

Quantitative research results can be evaluated and understood. As its name suggests, the quantitative method gathers and looks at data as numbers. This research method requires large sets of data representative of the whole. This method is pretty expensive.

  • Descriptive research methodology

Using analysis, descriptive research methodology outlines the characteristics of the population or issues under consideration. This descriptive methodology focuses more on the “what” than the “why” of the research topic.

Given that the researcher has no control over the variables in this research design, they can only describe the facts as they have occurred or are occurring. The most common approaches used in descriptive research are observations, surveys, and case studies.

In descriptive research, we can use multiple variables to explain the facts. It can analyze intangible concepts and occurrences, is naturally observable, and is quicker than quantitative experiments.

  1. Analytical research methodology

In analytical research, the research is based on facts that have already been proven. Researchers often do more research to find more information that backs up and confirms what they already know. It also helps you think of new ideas about the subject of your research.

Small details are used in analytical research to come up with hypotheses that are more likely to be true. The study explains why a claim is valid in this way. There are many ways to do this research, such as meta-analysis, scientific or literary trials, and finding out what the public thinks.

In this method, the researcher also thinks critically about the information. Depending on the study’s goal, quantitative methods are also often used in the analytical methodology.

  1. Applied research methodology

Action research that focuses on a single topic and generalizes its findings is used in applied research methodology. The researcher holds the variables constant and makes predictions, making the methodology in applied research easy to find.

Applied research aims to solve a pressing problem affecting society or a business/industrial organization. A non-systematic investigation is considered applied research. A company, a government entity typically conducts this study or an individual to address a specific issue.

  1. Fundamental research methodology

Developing a theory and generalizations are the most critical parts of basic research methodology. It tries to find facts that can be used in many ways and add to what is already known in a particular field.

There are connections between different fields, and the goal is to figure out how to change old things or make new ones. You can find a summary written in everyday language and draw conclusions from it that make sense for your research. Research on the generalization of human behavior or pure mathematics is an example of fundamental research.

  • Exploratory research methodology

Theories and their explanations serve as the foundation of exploratory research methodology. Its sole purpose is to investigate the study questions rather than to offer concrete and conclusive solutions to existing problems. Rather than providing clear evidence, experimental research broadens our understanding of the subject.

Although the structure is flawed, the approaches offer a versatile and exploratory process. The hypothesis is not tested, and the results are useless to the rest of the world. The findings are usually on a similar topic, which aids in the research’s improvement.

Although large-sample research can be quantitative, most exploratory research is qualitative. It is also known as interpretive research or a grounded theory method due to its flexibility and open-ended nature.

  • Conceptual research methodology

This study examines a complex concept or theory that defies straightforward elucidation. Many philosophers and thinkers rely on it when they want to develop a new idea or take a fresh perspective on something they already know.

To conduct conceptual research, one looks at the data already collected on a topic and attempts to make sense of it. It excludes conducting experiments in actual conditions.

Many famous philosophers have used this way of thinking to come up with novel ideas and insights about how the world functions. It’s also helpful for getting a new perspective on the ones already in place. As a means of organizing, researching, and synthesizing the vast amounts of data available to them, philosophers devised these concepts.

  1. Mixed-method approach methodology

The mixed method approach combines quantitative and qualitative methods to present multiple findings and provide alternative viewpoints. The quantitative methodology provides precise facts and data, whereas the qualitative practice focuses on the human factor.

This methodology produces intriguing results because it provides precise and exploratory data.

  1. Empirical research methodology

Empirical research is a type of research method that uses data that we can check to come to conclusions. In other words, this research type only uses evidence from scientific data collection or observation.

In empirical research, you can use either qualitative or quantitative observation methods, depending on the type of data you are looking at (numerical or not). As part of empirical research, a scientific study is done to determine the experimental probability of the research variables.

  1. Theoretical research methodology

The objective of theoretical research methodology, also known as pure or fundamental research, is to advance knowledge regardless of its practical application. Here, data collection generates new general concepts to better comprehend a particular topic or answer a theoretical research question.

This type of result frequently contributes to the development of theories. Typically, they are founded on document analysis, mathematical formula development, and eminent scholars’ reflection.

  • Conclusive research methodology

Providing an answer to the research question is the goal of conclusive research methodology. A thoughtful structure makes it easier to form and test hypotheses and presents the findings. The results, in this case, are generic.

As conclusive research findings frequently have a specific purpose, it is crucial to establish this study’s research goals and data needs. The results of exploratory studies can be validated and quantified using a conclusive research methodology. Most of the time, quantitative data collection and analysis techniques are used in conclusive research methodologies. Deductive research methods are frequently utilized inconclusive studies.

Benefits of using different types of research methodologies

Here are some advantages of using different types of research methodologies:

  1. The investigation is analyzed and verified by the topic’s critical analysis. This allows the researcher to conduct more thorough research regarding the experiment.
  2. The results of quantitative methods come in numbers that you can use to do more research. Using numbers, you can get results without going into too much detail.
  • Mixed methods research allows researchers to break free from the constraints of a single methodology for defining results.
  1. Authentic research assists researchers in defining the research field and expanding their knowledge.


In conclusion

Students who need help with research methodologies can start with this blog’s different research methodologies. This blog gives a detailed plan that helps researchers stay on track and makes the whole process easy, quick, and doable.

These types will help you choose the method that will help you reach your goals the best. Selecting the best research method and writing a research paper can take time. This article has the answers to your questions about the different types of research methods.