Please write a Paragraph answering to this discussion below with your opinion. Please include citations and
references in alphabetical order in case of another source.
Healthy People 2020 says, social determinants of health are conditions in the environments in which people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks (Healthy People 2020, n.d.). Social determinants also affect health care.
Many things contribute of the development of an illness but given the social determinants there may be an increase change in developing one. For example. People who are born into poverty are more likely to remain in poverty. People who live in poverty generally have less access to good nutrition, decent and reliable medical care, and may live in inadequate housing. Since they are not able to access healthy food and medical care they are more likely to not treat illnesses which can lead to more comorbidities.
Certain conditions must be met in order for a microbe or infectious disease to be spread from person to person. This process, called the chain of infection, can only occur when all six links in the chain are intact (Infection Prevention and Control Manual, n.d.).
Link 1 – Disease Microorganisms (Agent). The pathogens that cause a communicable disease.
Link 2 – Reservoir. The host (human, animal, environment) that allows the agent to live.
Link 3 – Mode of Escape. The route the infectious agent leaves the host.
Link 4 – Mode of Transportation. How the infection agent travels to a new host.
Link 5 – Mode of Entry. How the infectious agent enters the new host.
Link 6 – Susceptible Host. The future host of the infectious agent.
Yes, there are steps that the burse can take to break the communicable disease chain. The most simple and obvious step is hand hygiene. The nurse should take the practice to “wash in” and “wash out” when seeing every single patient. The nurse should also wash their hands occasionally throughout the shift using soap and water. Some diseases are resistant to hand sanitizers and require the use of actual soap. The nurse should also follow isolation precautions such as wearing gowns and gloves when entering the room of someone on contact isolation.
Infection Prevention and Control Manual. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.gov.nu.ca
Social Determinants of Health. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectiv…